I just finished reading The Way of the Samurai by Inazo Nitobe. Nitobe was of the samurai class in Japan but was western educated. He wrote The Way of the Samurai in English in 1900 around the time Japan was westernizing. Nitobe does a good job of explaining the philosophy of the samurai as it relates to western civilization. Specifically, he compares the ways of the samurai warrior to that of medieval knights in Europe, and compares Japanese culture and philosophy to the christian west.
Not surprising, he describes the Japanese as being more culturally focused, whereas westerners are more individually focused. He does this without judgement.
The bulk of the book is taken up with explanations of the virtues to which the samurai adhered. These virtues are: Rectitude, Courage, Benevolence, Politeness, Veracity, Sincerity, Honor, and the Duty of Loyalty. As I read this book, the virtue that resonated with me the most was Politeness.
If you watch Japanese anime, news from Japan, Japanese shows, or know someone Japanese, politeness is probably one of the first things you notice. The Japanese are polite, and it is a sharp contrast to American culture. It could be argued that politeness is disappearing from American culture.
According to Nitobe, “Politeness is a poor virtue, if it is actuated only by a fear of offending good taste, whereas it should be the outward manifestation of a sympathetic regard for the feeling of others. . . In its highest form, politeness almost approaches love.”
So it seems that the samurai virtue of politeness is not much different than the Golden Rule that we were all taught as children. You know, the ole mind your manners and love your neighbor shtick that seems to be going out of style.
For a true samurai, using his sword was the last resort, not the first instinct. Virtues, such as politeness, came first. Hmm, maybe we could try that for a change.